Clinical reasoning

Evaluate factors integral to clinical reasoning.
Explain the impact of relational inquiry when recognizing and analyzing cues to action in the process of clinical reasoning.
Integrate modes of inquiry to generate and evaluate hypotheses in the context of clinical reasoning.
Determine appropriate responses when integrating situated cognition into clinical reasoning.
Modify clinical judgment within an iterative, outcome-based cycle of clinical reasoning and client needs.
You are a student in the last term of a BSN Program. You are preparing for an end-of-term exam. To help you prepare, your instructor developed three real-world clinical scenarios to provide opportunities for you to apply clinical reasoning and clinical judgment. The instructor stated, “You received reports on these clients. Decide which one you need to see first and then make appropriate nursing decisions based on relevant information to promote positive client outcomes.”

The three scenarios include:

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Record your answers to these statements.

Rank the three scenarios provided in order of priority related to which client you will assess first, second and third.
Defend your selection for the three ranked scenarios.
Review the data below for the priority client to determine what to assess first.
Chest X-ray no abnormalities noted
Abdominal X-ray: diffuse gas throughout the small intestine
Hyperactive bowel sounds in all 4 quadrants and abdomen painful to touch
Pain level 10/10
Sodium (Na+) 147 mmol/L
Potassium (K+) 2.9 mmol/L
Chloride (Cl-) 100 mmol/L
Magnesium (Mg2+) 1.4 mg/dL
Calcium (Ca2+) 9.2 mg/dL
Phosphorus (P+) 2.3 mg/dL
Glucose 188 mg/dL
Serum albumin 3.0 g/dL
Amylase 185 unit/L
Serum Creatinine 0.5 mg/dL
BUN 15 mg/dL
Alkaline Phos. 155 unit/L • Protein 8.6 g/dL Bilirubin 3.5 mg/dL
Formulate three hypotheses based on cues provided
Select the priority hypothesis
Defend your selection
Describe an evaluation plan for the priority hypothesis based on expected client outcomes
Describe the next steps in the clinical judgment model including:
Actions if satisfied with client outcomes
Actions if not satisfied with client outcomes

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