Racism and Institutional Racism Assignment

Racism and Institutional racism exist in the United States.  For the entirety of U.S. history – race, racism, ethnicity and xenophobia have played a role in daily American political life to one degree or another.  One cannot read a mainstream news publication without race existing somewhere, somehow on a daily basis.  It is a variable that cannot be denied nor ignored.  And because it has in fact been ignored as it relates to government and social policies that perpetuate racism, we currently see the result in full force throughout the country.

When I teach political science courses, I ask students which is more important, freedom or equality?  Inevitably, students say freedom as it has been ingrained in them through our civil liberties, our liberal rather than social democracy, and our sense of individualism.  But Black Americans have never been free like white Americans.  They are not free to walk down the street unmolested by police or by other threats to their individual rights as are white Americans.   To ignore this historical and contemporary reality is pure denial.

The United States has never emphasized equality as it has freedom.  And until we as a people do, we will never be honest and respected purveyors of freedom, as we tell ourselves we are.  The words of the governing documents of the United States can be inferred to grant individual freedom to all, despite the fact the U.S. Constitution was silent on the matter of slavery.  And because of this glaring constitutional omission, the United States was in fact created and premised upon the notion of white supremacy.  And that itself is, by definition, institutionalized structural racism.

To begin with, what is racism?  According to Webster:

-a belief that race (Links to an external site.) is the primary determinant (Links to an external site.) of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race

-a doctrine or political program based on the assumption of racism and designed to execute its principles

-a political or social system founded on racism

-racial prejudice (Links to an external site.) or discrimination

What is institutional racism?

-Institutional racism:  describes the way that institutions discriminate directly or indirectly, intentionally or unintentionally, through their structures and organizations to support or maintain racism. (Equal Opportunity Unit, Flinders University)
-Institutional racism (another definition):
-This type of racism occurs in respected and essential forces in society and therefore receives far less public condemnation, e.g. laws, clubs, deeds (for flats and houses omitting ownership for some).
-It is the manner in which social institutions have functioned to oppress and control minority groups within larger societies.
-They are frequently covert acts (secret, disguised, not open or explicit) they are far more subtle and less identifiable in terms of specific individuals committing acts.
(Ngaaga-Ngaaga Kooriduraay Aboriginal Awareness Program, TAFE NSW)
-Institutional racism: (another definition) refers to a pattern of distribution of social goods, including power, which regularly and systematically advantages some ethnic and racial groups and disadvantages others. It operates through key institutions: organized social arrangements through which social goods and services are distributed. (Chambers and Pettman, 1986:7)
-Institutional Racism: (and yet another definition) the systematic distribution of resources, power and opportunity in our society to the benefit of people who are white and the exclusion of people of color. (solid-ground.org)

-Also, please see the attachment above from The Aspen Group.  It is a glossary of related terms.

My part question: Can there be freedom without social and political equity and equality?

Solution:

Looking for help with your homework?
Grab a 30% Discount and Get your paper done!

30% OFF
Turnitin Report
Formatting
Title Page
Citation
Place an Order

Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Us

Exemplary Academic Writing Service

At TheQuizlet.com, you are guaranteed of quality service from our professional writers. We maintain consistent communication with customers after placing an order to avoid missing anything that may compromise the quality of delivered work.

Top Writers

Our hiring process is rigorous to maintain the desired quality that has become the core of our business. We expose potential writers to an uncompromising selection process that enables TheQuizlet to pick the best out of the rest. TheQuizlet boasts of a competent team of writers, editors, and professors who work towards accomplishing your goals.

Plagiarism-Free Papers

TheQuizlet has an in-house plagiarism software that lowers the probability of delivering plagiarized papers to our clients. Referencing is guided by the format specified by a customer when placing an order. Our writers are conversant with all referencing formats that include APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, and Vancouver among others.

24/7 Customer Support

We understand the importance of effective communication and as such, TheQuizlet has a dedicated customer support department that responds to all client needs. You can easily contact our team through a chat window at the bottom left corner. Additionally, clients can reach us through support’s email or a telephone number available on our contact page. Feel free to contact us at any time and our team of experts will solve all your problems.

Swift Delivery and 100% Money-back Guarantee

When placing an order, ensure that you specify the correct deadline to help our writers work around the provided timeline. At TheQuizlet, we deliver our tasks before the projected deadline to give time for the customer to proofread the work before submission. In the event we cannot deliver a paper on time, we initiate contact with the client to renegotiate a new deadline.

Unlimited and Free Revisions

We urge all our customers to request for a revision whenever they identify a need to amend the paper. Since we understand your concerns, TheQuizlet.com does not charge for revisions. Nonetheless, we encourage customers to be genuine when requesting for revisions.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

TheQuizlet is a one-stop shop for all your writing needs. We tackle each customer’s needs differently to improve the quality of outcomes and meet your expectations.

Essays

Academic Help Service

TheQuizlet is committed to delivering quality work on time to ensure our clients get the value for their money.

Admissions

Admission Essays and Professional Writing

Admission essays are personal, as opposed to other papers. For this reason, our team will request for any information that will enable them to deliver quality work, which allows you to convince the admissions board on why you should be granted the application.

Reviews

Editing and Proofreading

Our team comprises of qualified researchers, writers, and editors who go through the different papers before delivering them to our clients. Whether your paper is being written from scratch or you want it to be edited, you can trust TheQuizlet for all your needs.

Reviews

Revision Support

After receiving the final draft, you can request for a revision to incorporate various changes that are aligned with your expectations. All our papers are written in line with the latest writing standards.

AllEscortAllEscort